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不規則変化動詞表 【一橋大合格者が教える】

英語の辞書

不規則変化動詞表です。

英語文法目次はこちら

 

 

不規則変化動詞の型

不規則変化動詞には、

  1. AAA
  2. AAB
  3. ABA
  4. ABB
  5. ABC

の5つの型がある。(この型自体は覚える必要なし)

 

AAA

cut-cut-cut

のように、原型・過去形・過去分詞が同形のもの。

 

AAB

 

beat-beat-beatenのみ。

 

ABA

become-became-become

のように原型と過去分詞が同形のもの。

 

ABB

buy-bought-bought

のように、過去形と過去分詞が同形のもの。

 

ABC

begin-began-begun

のように、原型・過去形・過去分詞すべてが異なるもの。

 

覚え方

不規則変化動詞の覚え方だが、必ず発音しながら覚えましょう。

不規則変化動詞だけでなく、英語は発音することが非常に大事なので、耳から覚えることをしていきましょう。

 

また、

  • begin-began-begun
  • drink-drank-drunk

この2つを見て気が付くことがないでしょうか。

2つともABC型ではありますが、変化の仕方も似てますね。

 

このように似ている変化の仕方をする動詞は結構あるので、そこに目をつけても覚えやすいかもしれません。

 

不規則変化動詞表

原型

過去形

過去分詞

be

was,were

been

beat

beat

beaten

bocome

became

become

begin

began

begun

bet

bet

bet

bite

bit

bitten

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

build

built

built

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fit

fit

fit

fly

flew

flown

forget

forgot

forgotten

get

got

got,gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hang

hung

hung

have

had

had

hear

haerd

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read

read

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

saw

sawed

sawn

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

shake

shook

shaken

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

sow

sowed

sown

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

split

split

split

spread

spread

spread

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

swear

swore

sworn

swim

swam

swun

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

thrust

thrust

thrust

understand

underestood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

win

won

won

wind

wound

wound

withdraw

withdrew

withdrawn

write

wrote

written

undertake

undertook

undertaken